Berlin Environmental Atlas

06.07 Urban Structure 1990 (Edition 1995)

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Map 06.07 Urban Structure 1990 (Edition 1995)

Explanations and Imprint of the Map
Description of Structure Types with Predominantly Residential Use
  Building Structure Open-Space Structure
wc005 five to six-story; closed or almost-closed block-edge; front building, wings and a rear building; original development 1870 - 1918 crooked block interiors, narrow, sealed courtyards, sometimes planted with decorative flower-beds, or single tree
yc160 four-story or less; mostly closed block-edge; front building and either wings or a rear building; sometimes with one or two -story sheds; original development mainly between 1892 and 1918 indented or longitudinal block interiors, subdivided by fences or interspersed with sheds and walls; often designed with front yards; courtyards often used as gardens or commercially, and accordingly paved and sealed
yc214 five to six-story; largely closed block-edge; 19th-century buildings are mixed with new buildings at the block edges; original development after 1945, in some cases older block interior is subdivided by fences, walls, wings or rear buildings; with relatively large courtyards constructed as garden courts or as storage or parking areas with little green space; or coherent block interiors with playgrounds, paths, and lawns and shrubbery as a recreational area for inhabitants
yc221 three to four-story; closed block-edge with large courts, or open, with parallel longitudinal rows of houses coherent block interiors, or longitudinal, separated open spaces; landscaping with lawns and loosely-scattered open spaces, hedges around houses, playgrounds and trash-can areas
yc231 four-story houses prevail; parallel or staggered in displaced order, along curved street segments, or in chain or spider-web form subdivided blocks with longitudinal open spaces; landscaped with parking lots, playgrounds and access driveways and lawns with scattered trees and bushes
yc019 more than six floors, as a rule; open arrangement of single and row buildings within a block; in East Berlin, partly semi-open block-edge style, partly mixed with row development; original development
1945 - 1980
mostly open, structured, non-enclosed block area, only in the case of open block-edge development with coherent block interior; landscaped with broad, geometrical access driveways and parking lots, with lawns, trees and shrubs
yc136 three to five-story; row or a mixture of row and block-edge development with pre-fab concrete-type construction; original development during the ’80s and ’90s block interior is coherent or subdivided by building rows; landscaped with parking lots, access driveways, lawns, trees and shrubs
yc071 one to two-story; single or two-family houses, duplexes, and smaller apartment houses or weekend cottages, a few workshops; older buildings around the block-edge, newer ones along access streets and walkways in the block interio;. original development since turn of the century in older developments, coherent block interior broken by fences, subdivided open spaces, longitudinal, often structured by fencing in the lots; generally used as fruit, vegetable, or ornamental gardens
yc024 one to three-story block development; larger rental and studio apartment houses between single family houses and villas; original development since 1950 subdivided block interior; landscaped with a mixture of lawns and ornamental bushes around the studio apartments, and park-like or fruit, vegetable, or ornamental gardens
yc110 predominantly two-story; open block-edge developments with villas, rental villas and country homes large building volumes; original development between 1890 and 1930 front yards; coherent block interior enclosed by fencing; landscaped with park-like gardens with old tree populations and lawns
yc225 mostly one or two-story; mixture of farmhouses and new buildings with the houses of the former village cores such village elements as the lay-out of the streets, the village green, the village pond, the manor park, or the churchyard are usually still apparent; spaces used as gardens, garden cafés, warehouses for commercial enterprises, workshops etc.
  1. The main purpose of this representation is to shown the structural types in predominately residential areas, which are broken down according to the structure of their construction and of their open spaces. The other structural types are generally shown by reference to use. A more differentiated representation can be seen on the Umweltatlas Maps 06.01 – "Actual Use of Built-Up Areas" and 06.02 – "Inventory of Green and Open Spaces".
  2. The structure types were defined on the basis of compilation from the area types available in the Berlin Environmental Information System.

Imprint of the Map

1 : 50 000

Published by:
Senate Department for Urban Development in Berlin and Environmental Protection
Public relations

Gruppe III A 3 (Ökologische Planungsgrundlagen)

Uta Hanschke

III A 3, Heiner Deja

for West Berlin:

  • CIR- Luftbilder 1 : 4 000, Befliegung 1990, Senatsverwaltung für Bau- und Wohnungswesen
  • Nutzungsarten für Blockteile 1 : 4 000, Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umweltschutz II A 1, Stand 1989
  • Datei der Flächentypen im Umweltinformationssystem (UIS) Berlin
for East Berlin:
  • CIR- Luftbilder 1 : 6 000, Befliegung 1990, Senatsverwaltung für Bau- und Wohnungswesen
  • Datenspeicher Wohnungspolitik, blockweise Auswertung der Geschossigkeit der Wohnbauten und der Baualtergruppen, Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umweltschutz, Referat II A, Stand 1990
  • Städtebauliche Entwicklung Berlins, Karte Gebäudealter, 1 : 10 000, Senatsverwaltung für Stadtentwicklung und Umweltschutz II A, Stand 1988 (1990)

Data processing and map production:
III A 3 unter Verwendung des UIS Berlin,
AGU (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Umweltplanung),
planland (Planungsgruppe Landschaftsentwicklung)

Cartographic design:

Colour scheme:

Data from:
November 1994

Based on the maps:
Digitale Arbeitskarte 1 : 50 000 des UIS Berlin;
Topographische Karte 1 : 50 000 (AV) Stand 1974/1982, Landesvermessungsamt Brandenburg;
Übersichtskarte von Berlin (West) 1 : 50 000, Stand 1988/1989, 1992/1993, Senatsverwaltung für Bau- und Wohnungswesen V - Vermessungswesen

Edition 1995

Map as PDF-Document

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